Institution of society preceded and limited the state authority in modern India. Explain Indian nationalism in the light of this statement.( Indian Nationalism in Contemporary India)
India proclaims itself to be a nation state were by every member of it is inculcated with the feeling of nationalism and stands as one body, India is a land of diversity be it in flora and fauna or geographical and the most vivid the ethnic and racial diversity. Nehru the first prime minister of the independent dreamt of an independent and united India in due course with the lack of unifying interest the term nationalism is being challenged. India though got her independence in the year 1947 it only can proclaimed itself as a nation state in the year 1950 after the enactment of the constitution which happens to be the fundamental law of the land which governs all relationships of the people and the state. The constitution is also said to be the manifestation of nehruvian vision.
But Nehru failed to see the forth coming differences as the power came into the people of the country as India is a land where the stratification in the social aspect is inherent and inalienable and the practices were of the ruling majority may upset the ruled minority and discontent was seen rising rampantly therefore the catastrophic demise of nehru’s vision when the legacy that had to be continued by his heir Mrs. Indira Gandhi imposed dictatorship to subjugated the federated nationalist feeling aroused out of the discontent with the whole idea of a centralized democratic nation state were the majority ruled but in due course the interest of the minorities interest were underpinned.
India with its founding fathers ideology of secularism that was actually a manifestation of the one sections ideal was being challenged and critic went to the extent of calling India as a pseudo secular nation to stand up to the expectation of the international norms India adapted to a ‘layered ,plural political self definition’ this happened in the year 1964 , this then became difficult for the people to accept then the state was also accused of using secularism as an “instrumental ideology” That legitimated the action of modernist and elites and camouflaged their ventures to power. The Hindu Nationalism which the Founding Father grounded on the soil and called it secular with these found serious discrepancies. Secularism as a doctrine of state slowly lost credibility and created distrust in the society. By the year 1970 the nationalist heritage created in the times of Nehru Was no longer historically viable.
At this point of crisis the nationalist epitome the congress party also could not cushion the discontent of the people and now the prominent differences of Caste / Class rose up and many regional parties rose with local solidarity and group we feeling which were the greatest threat to the Nationalist feeling then the problem got critical and the group demanded for separatism and therefore in the mid 1970’s the things went out of hand and emergency was imposed and the whole concept of democracy succumbed to the rule of a dictator then after thing got so called to normal. Congress as a national party had lost its ground therefore the party no more stood to the principle of “internal Federalism” and the vote bank politics and coalition rule concept was brought in as the state was such that no single ideology could cater to needs of the people. Therefore this time the Congress lost it majority.
Then on the later phases nationalism was no more on the bassis of being a part of the country but being part of certain sect., region, race, gender etc. The concept of Hindutva , Ramjanma BHumi, Indian Mujhadeen all extremist and pro self came into being the pillars of nationalism were upturned, different states gave rise to various regional parties and today is a state were no govt. Is formed with th actual consent of people but it is a result of the foul play of the ruling.
Therefore the whole definition of Nationalism has changed from :
Common Interest to group interest
National solidarity to Regional solidarity
General interest to specific interest
National norms to Religious norms. Etc
The whole concept of national integration was succumbed to the foul play of ism’s there fore today we stand as one nation and talk about nationalism and we feeling but are we really that united is some thing that corners every Indians hearts, if we are so united then why do we still have AFSPA in the North Eastern States and we scape saying there is fear sessceion if we r so united as the constitution proclaims why so many incidents such as the Babri Masjid, Kandhamal etc.
We Indian still stand as one nation and Indians proudly assert the they are the best example of unity in diversity.