Diagnosis of the Problem
In recent decaded increased emissions of GHGs into the atmosphere have a great effect on the Earth’s climate and have several consequences on agriculture due to changes in the geosphere and biosphere. One of the important consequences is variation in total rainfall and its seasonal variation which is critical for agricultural crops particularly in areas of rain fed agriculture which occupies greater proportion of agriculture land. The climate change has effects on sensitivity of plant life to variations in different parts of the ecological system where these plants are located. In India nearly 70% of people are in rural areas and agriculture is the largest supporter of livelihoods to many of these people and thus climate change affects these rural farmers.
1. Analysis Nutrition Status in India
Many of the rural poor of low-income and even middle income families are likely to be deficient in vitamins and minerals . In fact, the deficiencies are large, when we consider the current ICMR recommendations. To quoto one instance, in the age group of four to six years, the ratio of average intake to “recommended daily allowance” is only 16% for Vitamin A, 35% for iron and 45% for calcium. Therefore these are very dismal figures.
According to National Family Health Survey 3 in 2005-06, 55% of the children below the age of 5 are underweight and stunted
Under nutrition is substantially higher in rural areas than in urban areas. Even in urban areas, however, 40% of children are stunted and 33% are underweight.
Hence the the nutritional status among the India’s is declining due to declining nutritional food
Also The United Nation Environment Program and WHO estimate that nearly 3 million people suffer from ‘acute pesticide poisoning’ in the world
2. Climate change has direct bearing on the biology of plant growth and other dynamics of the biosphere and geosphere
i ) Effects of temperature increase, changes in rainfall pattern and other factors
ii) Multiple stresses on crops- such as scarcity of availability of water resources, loss of bio-diversity and degradation of natural resources such as soil erosion, salinisation of irrigated areas, dry land degradation from overgrazing, over-extraction of ground water, greater susceptibility of crops to diseases (FAO, 2003) .
Another impact is on weed, insect pests.
There is also vulnerability of carbon soil pool.
Therefore, all the above-mentioned factors have a negative impact on the Indian Agriculture.
3. Environment Impacts
Higher use of chemicals resulted in degradation of soil affecting soil health and life of the diverse flora and fauna. The soil was dying and chemical farming became a painful experience.
Due to hybrid and compounded pollution some scientists think that we have reached a stage, which may be termed “Irreversible”.
The nutrients are robbed from our environment by pollution. The disastrous effects of the environmental changes are seen in the rising diseases in human beings, plants and animals.
Chemical farming increases the input cost , which leads to lower profits for farmers.
Our vision is a promote Natural Farming and innovative technique of Bio Energy
This project shall be implemented in farmland ranging from minimum 1-2 acres to 200-300 acres so as to make farming self-sustained.
1. Climate protection
2.Sustainable agriculture and conserve soil fertility
4.Integrated water, seed, soil management
6.Health /Nutritional value
7.Employment generation activity.
To solve all the above-mentioned problems, modern science normally considers soil improvement and to some extent water quality improvement but atmosphere is the biggest single factor which affects plant kingdom, soil and water quality. We know plants feed themselves in two distinct ways, from the atmosphere and from the soil. Elements taken from the atmosphere are carbon 44%, Oxygen 44%, hydrogen 6% and nitrogen (via the microbial world) 2 or 3%. So 95 to 98% of plants dry weight of plants food is taken from the air. Only 2-5% of a plants diet comes from the soil. It clearly appears that we have a lot to do to control pollution. We can thus conclude that plants feed quantitatively from the atmosphere and qualitatively from the soil. So now science has to investigate if there is a way to make atmosphere more nutritious and fragrant and thus improve soil quality and water resources. NATURAL ORGANIC FARMING and BIO ENERGY TECHNIQUE IS THE ANSWER.
We also provide end to end solution to farmers for natural farming, which has been lacking till now. We are getting organic certification for group of farmers and this makes it affordable for farmers. We are providing direct market linkages to farmers by eliminating mediators.
Solar Irrigation is used in places where there is no supply of electricity.
Holistic Natural Farming techniques with sustainable crop selection, seed management, water management , energy usage and innovative technique of Bio Energy technique to overcome pests and other ill effects in agriculture
Natural farming is an agricultural practice that deals with growing crops which use techniques such as crop rotation, green manure as compost and biological pest control. Natural farming meant total self reliance in farm inputs, water conservation, energy, local cow breed development, value addition of farm produce and direct marketing to consumers. This practice does not include any form of manufactured fertilizers, pesticides, plant growth regulators. Here the soil is kept healthy through micro nutrients and symbiotic relationships between micro organisms, fungi and dead and decaying plant and animal waste to maintain soil fertility and health.
The following natural farming techniques are first implemented and then Bio Energy technique is used for best agriculture produce.
Bio Energy technique
Bio Energy technique denotes the process of removing the toxic conditions of the atmosphere through the agency of fire. It is prepared in the copper pyramid tuned to the biorhythm of sunrise/sunset and helps in process of purification of the atmosphere through the agency of fire and if practiced regularly yields great healing power to the atmosphere as well to the crop. Cow ghee, Cow dung, rice grain are the specific substances which are burnt in a copper pyramid at exact timings of sunrise/sunset a specific effect is guaranteed to occur.
Effects of Bio Energy technique
When Bio Energy technique is performed, the energy from the fire and the subtle energies from the sun at sunrise and sunset are generated into the atmosphere and thus make conditions conductive to an anti pollutionary change. The pyramid is generator, the fire is turbine.
Due to Bio Energy technique, the atmosphere heals and plants evolve networks of veins that are cylindrical and larger than normal, permitting water and nutrients easier movement to all parts of the plant. Thus the growth and reproduction cycles of plant is enhanced. Also, it increases the production of chlorophyll and plant breathing, thereby helping the oxygen recycling system.
Bio Energy technique produces a special sound and we can test this Bio Energy technique with an oscilloscope and one can notice a special sound coming from fire. It is sound that heals which is the key. Fire produces sound, but it also reacts with sound and creates a resonance effect which invigorates the cells of plants leading to better reproductive cycles.
ESTABLISHING A BIO ENERGY TECHNIQUE RESONANCE POINT ON A FARM
Resonance Technique is a part of Bio Energy technique. Simple practices are used to heal large areas of diseased land in a short time. We can install a Resonance Point to heal up to 100 acres of land. For this 10 new copper pyramids are needed which are placed on the farm. Two simple natural huts to be built on the farm.
Bio Energy technique Hut
An Bio Energy technique Hut Size 3×4 meter is built in the centre of the farm. The longer side aligned with the east/west axis. We have 4 pyramids in this hut. The main pyramid is buried 50 cms depth, a column of mud is built on top of it, to an approximate height of 50 cms and another activated pyramid is placed on top of it, directly above the buried pyramid. This way, the pyramid on the column is at heart level of the person sitting on the floor in front of the column. The pyramid on the column will not be used again, but acts as a Resonance Pyramid. Then two of the other activated pyramids are placed on smaller mud platforms on the right and left hand side in front of the main column. The one on the left is for the daily purposes. This way there is no interference with the subtle healing energies. Done daily by any person irrespective of caste, creed, religion, age, sex.
The other four pyramids are just installed at the border of the farm or maximum 360 meters north south, east and west from the central hut. The four pyramids are kept on a column of mud at a height of heart level of a person standing. The pyramids are protected so that no rain or other material enters them. Along with the healing fires application of Bio Energy technique Ash to the plants, soil is also important. Bio Energy technique Ash solution in water is used for seed treatment, rooting media for plant cuttings, treating the roots before transplantation, spraying on the plants, dusting on the crop and directly adding to the soil and compost. Bio Energy technique Ash is also used for treating the source of water of open well bore well, Lake Etc.
The following Innovative techniques in natural farming
1. Natural Organic manure
1) First put a layer of all farm residues, trash, biomass from border plants about 6-9 inches thick. Sprinkle this with some water.
2) Put about 50 litres Cow dung slurry over this layer.
3) Cover the total layer with any good soil. Repeat this procedure till you reach the 1.5 M height.
4) Maintain moisture in the pile by sprinkling water regularly.
5) Allow the above pile for one month the pile temperature goes upto 650C killing pathogens and seeds.
Simultaneously take 5 litres cow milk and prepare curd and allow one month fermenting keep undisturbed. After one month turning of compost pile becomes necessary. Prepare about 50kg soil mixture collected from the top one inch surface layer below the following yajnya trees: Peepal, Banyan, Ficus glomerata, Mango, Sandalwood, Aegle marmelos, Accacia catechu, Butea frondosa, Prosopis spicigua. Also prepare butter milk from fermented curd by adding 50 liters water. Add to this 2 kg organic jaggery,
The above soil mixture (contains diverse types of useful micro organisms) and fermented solution (lactic acid bacteria’s) must be mixed in the compost pile while giving the first turn. Repeat only turning one per week for three times. After 60-75 days organic compost having a good odour, is ready. 1000 kg compost is applied per acre. We prepare about 70 MT compost from dung of three local breed cows only.
2. Natural Bio-Pesticide – Liquid Manure
Basis: 200 Litres / acre / application
1) Cow dung – 30-40 kg
2) Cow Urine – 3-5 Litres
3) Plants having latex (Milk hedge, 3-5 Kg Calotropis, Jatropha, Sweet scented Oleander)
4) Plants having strong aroma – 3-5 kg (Parthenium, Lantana, Eupatorium, Cassia, Datura)
5) Oil cake (groundnut, Pongamia, – 1-2 kg Neem)
6) Jaggery – 1 kg
7) Water – To make up 200 litres
All the plants material should be chopped into finer pieces and mixed with other ingredients and fermented for 1 week. Daily stirring of the solution for aeration should be done. Filtered Liquid Manure is given through irrigation water, 200 Liters per acre. Sasyamrutha also helps to control pests and diseases.
3. Preparation of Bio-Insecticide
Caltrops leaf, Adhatoda leaf, Ipomoea carnea leaf and Morinda corriea. All these leaves are mixed with equal proportion and made into fine pieces and soaked in 10 liters of cow urine and left in air tight for 7 days and then sprayed to crops and acts as Bio-Insecticide.
4. Preparation of Effective Micro Organisms
Take Banana 1 kg, Papaya 1kg, Pumpkin 1 Kg, and all these ingedrients are mixed thoroughly in a pot, kept air tight in shade for 30 days , then sprayed on crops. This will help better crop productivity.
These natural farming techniques are first implemented and then Bio Energy technique can be used for best agriculture produce.
Our project basically aims at providing ultimate farming solutions specially designed for rural areas. With effective utilization of solar energy to run the motor and microcontroller based automatic pumping circuitry the creation of this model is bound to provide decisive solution to rural irrigation woes. Our project is divided into two phases. Phase-1 covers automatic plant irrigation and second phase deals with a solar driven motor. The motor used by our automatic plant irrigator to water the soil is driven by pure solar energy which makes it highly efficient and conservative. Since renewable energy consumption is employed, our project doesn’t rely on any external power source.
Our project presented here irrigates agricultural fields regularly not requiring any observation.
Two stiff copper wires are inserted in the soil to sense the whether the Soil is wet or dry.
The Microcontroller is used to control the whole system. It monitors the sensors and when more than two sensors sense the dry condition then the microcontroller will switch on the motor and it will switch off the motor when all the sensors are in wet. The microcontroller does the above job after it receives the signals from the sensors, and these signals operate under the control of software which is stored in ROM.
SOLAR DRIVEN MOTOR
Thus by effectively interfacing these two combinations our objectives can be achieved. We can have different farm watering using solenoid valves and also the copper probes can be replaced by moisture sensors. These can be incorporated in the later part of our project
Who This Will Help Rise
Farmers /Agricultural sector by increasing productivity of agriculture produce and thus increase their livelihood , Due to increase in nutritional value of food will help children, men and women who are underweight or stunted and Helps reduce GHG emissions and thus helps to mitigate Climate change
How This Will Help Them Rise
Our focus is increase the livelihood of farmers, increase food productivity, increase nutritional value of food and reduce GHG emissions
Help in improve agricultural productivity and food security.
Reduce the Green House Gases – GHGs and mitigate Global Warming
EMISSION REDUCING ACTIVITIES IN ORGANIC FARMING
Following are some of the identified activities of Organic Farming, which result into reduction of Emissions, which, otherwise, would have been there due to Conventional Chemical Farming,
• Emission Reductions due to Electricity Saving in Water Pumping resulting from Reduced Irrigation of Farms
• Emission Reductions due to Avoidance of Chemical Fertilizers, production of which emits high Green House Gases (GHG)
• Emission Reductions due to Avoidance of Biomass Residue Burning after Harvesting
• Emission Reduction due to Efficient & Reduced use of Agri Equipments & Machineries
Provides better livelihood opportunities for farmers who form large sections if society in rural
Improving social standard of farmers
Brings in increased awareness and environment consciousness and benefits of naturally grown food under Bio Energy technique.
Farmers will gain the most benefits as their profitability will increase since the input costs are reduced by upto 80% and earn a premium price for organic (15 to 20%) through direct market linkages
Farmers will not have to depend more on fertilizers and help reduce their input cost.
Create employment opportunities in every village.
The community will be made aware of the consequences of chemical farming
1. Project Task
Implementing the Model Natural Farming techniques in a farm land of 20-30 farmers in Kannamangala, Kode Male and Mulbagil villages near Bengaluru
When 1st- Jan-2012
Where Bengaluru*,Karnataka, India
2. Project Task
Implementing Bio Energy Technique in these farm land
3. Project Task
Upscaling the Model and Mobilizing the farmers in other villages to see the results and then adopt this model
4. Project Task
In the first year we aim to reach out to around 100 farmers and implement this model and thus increasing their livelihood
After One year we want to reach out to 500 farmers with the same impact
After three years to more than 1500 farmers since from our experience many farmers will voluntarily come forward to train other farmers
Then create a “Group of Producers and “Group of consumers” and thus create win-win situation for farmers as well as consumers all across India
This Project Already Has
Project already has the working model in our own farm in Belgaum District on 50 acres of land. The model was set up in 1998 and is given wonderful results to us
Highest Vanillin content 2.91% in processed vanilla beans for the year 2000 in India. Tested at Spice Board Evaluation Laboratory Cochin
Highest Vanillin content 36% in CO2 Vanilla oil, in the year 2004. Tested at CFTRI Mysore. (International commercial oils contain 27-28% Vanillin).
No attack of woolly aphid on 20 acres sugarcane except in 2005 on a small portion (about 10 gunthas). Woolly aphid attack was controlled by natural predator diapha and micro moss. (Since 2002 thousands of acres in northern Karnataka and southern Maharashtra were severely affected including some organic farms.)
Organically Certified (USDA and EU specifications) excellent export quality processed sugarcane whole sugar and jaggery (Gur)since 2006, superior quality as compared to any other organic farm produce in Northern Karnataka.Yield:140kg jaggery per MT Sugarcane sold @ Rs 35-40/kg
Another very important distinct feature, natural red millipede compost all over the farm, this type of maximum activity of red millipede has not been served in any organic farms in India.
(Refer figure 3: Source: Author’s data collected from his own farm)
We are up scaling the projects all across India and identified several farmers who want to implement this near Bengaluru
Vocational award from Rotary Club of Belgaum (South) 2001-02
First Prize and Award from Dept of Horticulture Dist;Belgaum 2003.
Krishi Pandit Award from KLE School of Agriculture Belgaum 2004
Krishi Pandit Award& First Prize in organic farming from Govt of Karnataka 2005-06
Felicitation by SAKAL PAPERS LTD leading Marathi NewsPaper of Maharastra year 2009.
Technical Papers Presented:
· Importance of Sustainable Organic Farming Practices and Inputs, ICAR Meerut 2004
· Fertigation in Organic Farming and Practical Approach In Homa Organic Farming at Seminar jointly
arranged by ICAR and UAS Dharwad at Horticulture College Arabhavi 2005.
· Constraints for sustainability of rural livelihood and experiences of accepting challenges by Organic
farmers groups, National Seminar on Farmers,Livelihood and Trade October 2008 at NIAS Bangalore
We have implemented the following in these new farm lands
Natural Bio-Pesticide – Liquid Manure
Effective Micro Organisms
systems already in place in this farm land and we shall then apply this on crops and farm land.